Germen Influence on Early Jet Fighter

Translated version of Long documents that give an opportunity to assess the impact of German experts in the development of the domestic aviation aircraft were not available a wide range of researchers.. On the one hand, this led to exaggeration of German researchers from Western historians, on the other hand, its lack of domestic sponsors.Only now, with the opening of archives and documents rassekrechivaniem some modern historians can objectively evaluate the information became available.

Article Yevgeny Kovalev, mainly covers view Western researchers, it must balance its data, which appeared not long ago in Russia’s historical periodicals.

Perhaps one of the most interesting work in this area-art K. Kosminkova and N. Valueva “German influence”, which was printed in the 12 th and 13 th editions of the magazine world aviation. Литературе Those wishing to obtain a full picture of the problems we are sending to the original, but here we put a few comments based on this and several other works, a list of which can be found in the “Literature”.

After the war, a number of German experts and the results of their work and came to the USSR and the USA. And if the Soviet Union had, and although scientists have known, but not the leaders in their field, such as scientists and designers A. Boozeman, A. Betts, B. Goethert, A. Lipschitz, B. Brown, B. Messerschmit, K. Tank, E. Henkeyl who were leaders of the scientific and engineering schools were in the West.In addition, the Western allies, and especially the United States, got a wealth of factual material on Scientific and Technical Research Centre of Gettingenskogo and scientific centre DVL.

Nevertheless, as Americans, and for us, the work of German scientists who were much more raw and unfinished, as the only catalyst, showing in which direction must study. Moreover, in TSAGI in 1943 was introduced to the service speed wind tunnel T-106, allow research on high speed jet.

The work of German scientists in the USSR
As noted above, the USSR had not been the most prominent German scientists.
But it was not only the reason why nemetsy not achieved in the USSR any meaningful results.

Another reason was that full confidence in the German team was not that they had not had access to Soviet development, and they can draw on their previous work.

And get that group of German designers rather low trying to finalize projects initiated in Germany during the war.

Lack of German real incentives and those reasons have led to quite soon the Soviet leadership realized futility of their use in the Soviet Union and sent them home.

Su-9, MiG-9, MiG-15 and their German predecessors
After the war ended in the hands of Soviet specialists hit a large number of German pilot and the series jet aircraft.
External similarities with these machines appeared later Soviet aircraft made aviation authority western historians argue that, for example, Su-9 was a copy of Me-262, I-270-Me – 263, MiG-15 Ta-183.

It is difficult to deny that the German aircraft have some effect on the Soviet designers, but on the other hand Ta-183 predecessor is the MiG-15 to the same extent to which I-16, for example, is the predecessor of all monoplanov fighter.
No German aircraft was not blindly copied, the more so that even the serial German jets were very, very damp and nedovedennymi.

A comparison of I-270 and Me – 263 can be found on the site such as:

Sabre Arming MiG-15 and F-86 Sabre

F-86 armed with a 12.7 mm machine guns family.

Arming MiG-15 were three guns: one fire 37 mm and two 23 mm and a weight seconds bursts MiG-15 significantly exceeded F-86.
As evidenced by our pilots fighting in Korea [11], arming MiG-15 related to its main advantages

For example, getting a 37-mm shells at the enemy fighter shooting down his guarantee, while documented cases of MiG-15 returned to the airfield with more than a hundred (!) Proboin Seybra of machine guns.

But at the same time, it must be borne in mind that although these works and a powerful catalyst in the study as the Soviet and American specialists, but the main role in the domestic aviation history is still Soviet scientists and designers.

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